Lehman, Layman, Lemon Genealogy,
DNA Enhanced

How to Participate


        Participation in DNA Y-chromosome testing for genealogical purposes is easy, painless and relatively inexpensive. The specimen is collected by swabbing the inside of the cheek. The collection instrument used by our laboratory, Family Tree DNA of Houston, is a little plastic scraper. Taking the specimen is bloodless and painless and may be compared to brushing one's teeth. A twelve-marker test may be had for $99. While ten and twelve-marker tests generally will reveal whether two people are related, they are of little worth as an aid in determining how closely they are related or what that relationship is. They can also, upon occasion, give us a false positive or a false negative. In other words, thay can indicate that two people are related when more comprehensive tests prove that they are not. They also sometimes indicate that there is no relationship when there actually is. Testing of at least 37 markers is recommended at a cost of $169 or 67 markers is currently $268. If you are really serious and are in this for the "long haul," you might consider 111 markers for $359 but that is all, of course, your decision. Obtain your kit from FTDNA's web site and mail it back directly to FTDNA. To obtain the benefits of membership in the Lehmann project, be sure to join it at the link provided on FTDNA's web page. Be sure to sign and return the little green slip that comes with your kit. In about four to six weeks, the result is returned which can be compared with other results contained in this document. I would be pleased to answer any questions.

        Unlike other testing programs, participation in this project automatically confers on the participant a comparison of his result with, as of the latest revision of this page, 180 other results. In all likelihood, there will be matches and the participant immediately reaps the benefits of prior research that he probably did not previously know existed. An analysis of the result will be provided by your compiler and your result will be published on this web site in context with all of the others. Descendants of most of the early Lehman immigrants have already been tested, so you will know immediately on your result being reported who your immigrant ancestor is. Families are identified by a letter designation. You can find your immigrant ancestor on the appropriate page of this web site, along with an outline descendants tree of descendants of that immigrant.  No other program or project relating to the Lehman surname, or any spelling variant of it, can come anywhere close to matching this .
        If you have had a Y-Chromosome test by FTDNA, but have not joined the Lehman project, you can still do so.  You may yet reap the benefits of our project. There is a link on your personal page of FTDNA's web site where you may join the Lehman project. If you already belong to a project, perhaps one purporting to "specialize" in a particular spelling or spellings of the surname, you can participate in this project also. If you will get in touch with this compiler, we will add your result and family line of descent to the appropriate locations of this web site.
        On the subject of spellings, little or no significance can be attached. The only exception is in the families still retaining the Germanic spelling, "Lehman" or something close to that. One of a couple of circumstances probably applies. Either the immigrant came relatively late, after 1800 or so, or; in the alternative, the family remained  in Pennsylvania or perhaps Maryland for several generations. There the German spelling was tolerated. Otherwise, once the family crossed the Potomac to the south or the Ohio to the west, almost invariably, the name became Anglicized. Most of us can find several different spelling of our surname in our particular line before things stabilized about the mid-Nineteenth Century. For a more complete discussion of the topic, see Ch. 2 of Lehman, Layman Genealogy Handbook.
        Only a skeleton of what is known about most of the families is included in this document. See the home page for details in that regard.
        For answers to any questions  e-mail the compiler, Earl R. Layman ,at  elayman814@aol.com

Information was compiled and edited by Earl R. Layman. Revised 17 Jun 2017. 

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