Lehman, Layman, Lemon Genealogy,
It is widely known that the name "Lehman" in German came into being with the advent of the surname system. Often people took on their occupation as their surname. Ours is generally considered to have meant "vassal", or one who works the land. It was a term applied to one who had become bound to a section of real estate as a "fief" with no ownership. Moreover, unlike our own sharecroppers of a century ago, he could not quit and go to work for another landowner but was attached for life to a particular parcel of real property and its owner. He was pretty low on the socio-economic totem pole.
It may be said that the influx of
German-speaking immigrants to the Colonies in general and through the
Generally, at the time of immigration in the first
half of the 18th Century, the German-speaking immigrants were referred to as
"Palatinians." This is not entirely accurate, but neither is their having been
referred to since as “Pennsylvania Dutch” accurate either. The misnomer came about as a result of
many refugees from religious persecution in
The forced emigration from Canton Bern
probably reached its peak in the years between 1660-1675. Gratz, at p. 36,
cites several sources for the fact that about 700 Anabaptists departed Canton
Bern for the Palatinate and
In 1691 another wave of
persecution commenced when it was decreed that all those who did not swear
allegiance nor carry arms should no longer be tolerated. The exodus began
anew and continued through the first two decades of the Eighteenth Century.
Queen Ann of England took advantage of this opportunity to recruit people to send
to the frontiers of
DNA testing for genealogical purposes is not always easy to understand. At times it can be confusing. As we do more and more 37 and 67-marker tests in the Lehman project, however, the confusion arising from the 61 original ten-marker tests diminishes. See further explanation on the "About DNA Testing" page. The researcher is urged to click on that link at the heels of this page and read that page through before then proceeding to ascertain what knowledge DNA tests have brought forth about his or her individual family. It may be quite revealing.
The data which follows is extracted, in part, from Lehman, Layman Genealogy Handbook, sometimes hereinafter referred to as LLGH, which was made available for distribution in 2006. It is a comprehensive summary of all known early Lehman families by all spellings. Included are known European origins with descendants enumerated to at or about the advent of the 20th Century. The book is six by nine inches, hard bound in dark red cloth with gold lettering. It is 280 pages including indexes. Families are grouped with help from the results of 70 y-chromosome DNA tests completed as of the date that this book went to the publisher. Index contains more than 1,200 people named Lehman by numerous spellings, mostly born before 1850 with, to avoid confusion, the actual or an estimated birth date of each. A total of more than 2,000 names and 400 locations are indexed.
you have reached a “sticking place,” having traced your family to an
ancestor born in the late
1700s or early 1800s and can make no further progress, this book will
probably help you get unstuck. You have, from the onset, been working
backward in time from the present. In the beginning, that was all that you
could do. This book starts with the pre-1760 immigrant and outlines his known
descendants to the fourth or fifth generation. That generally comes down to
folks born up to about the mid 19th Century. You may know from DNA tests
which early families match your DNA. If you have not found a Lehman male
relative to do a test, however, that is not fatal to further progress. You will, with the aid
provided by this book, be working foreword in time as well as backward in
time. The object,
of course, is to connect the two. If you have traced your Lehman
ancestors to one born about 1820 or before, he will probably connect with
contemporary Lehmans in this book.
Lehman, Layman Genealogy Handbook, 2011 Supplement, hereafter sometimes called The Supplement, is now available for distribution. It is 85 pages including index and is in paperback. It will bring the information in LLGH to a state of the art status as of early 2011. For those folks who have the 2006 book, the cost of the Supplement is $8. Price of both Lehman, Layman Genealogy Handbook and the 2011 Supplement is $28 and, either way, your compiler will pay the postage. To obtain your book or books by return mail, send your check and your U. S. mail address to the compiler at the address below.
If your name is Lehman, by any
one of a plethora of spellings, not all of which appear with the coat of
arms adjoining this text, and your immigrant ancestor arrived no later than
the mid 1700s, Lehman, Layman Genealogy Handbook and the 2011 Supplement
represents the "cutting edge of knowledge," including results of
more than 130 DNA tests, as of early
2011. They probably contains data relating to your ancestors.
Some effort may be required, however, in order to make the connection and
these books are designed to help the Lehman researcher do just that.
Information was compiled and edited by Earl R. Layman, email@example.com,